Kotor is a city on the coast of Adriatic sea in Montenegro.
The old town of Kotor is one of the best-preserved medieval towns in this part of the Mediterranean. It was succeeded in preserving its original form, so typical of towns between the XII and the XIV century. The asymmetric structure of the narrow streets and squares, combined with the numerous valuable monuments of medieval architecture, contributed to Kotor being placed on UNESCO’s the world natural and cultural inheritance list. The cultural inheritance of this town is enriched by the unique architectural styles and the ambient atmosphere.
The fortification system of Kotor, which protects it from the sea, is actually a wall 4.5 km long, 20 m high and 15 m wide, and is preserved as one of the world’s historic values. The oldest town gate, of the three existing in the town, is the south gate which was partially constructed in the IX century. The north and the main gates were build in the renaissance style by the first half of the XVI century.
The most representative monument of Roman architecture in the Adriatic is the magnificent Cathedral of St. Tiphun, constructed in 1166 and built on the remains of the former temple from the IX century. Besides the cathedral, in the hart of the town, there are magnificent examples of sacral architecture originating from XII till XX century.
There are also numerous palaces in the town: the Drago palace with Gothic windows from the XV century, the Bizanti palace from the XVII century, the Pima palace, with typical renaissance and baroque forms from the XVI century the Grubonja palace with the built-in emblem of the old Kotor’s pharmacy established in 1326; the Grgurina palace, from the XVII century, which today contains the Naval museum, and finally the Clock tower, from the XVI century, with the medieval pillory just beside it.
After the second earthquake in 1979, Kotor was inscribed on the World Heritage List to restore this sacred site, as well as to preserve the impressive medieval walls of the city's fortress.